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Thursday, December 6, 2012


Judicial disclosure proves the Leader v. Facebook judge was irreparably compromised

Judge Leonard P. Stark is invested in eight Fidelity Funds. Facebook's Director James W. Breyer and Fidelity's Managing Partner, Robert Ketterson, have been close collaborators for a decade.

Investigation | AMERICANS FOR INNOVATION | Dec. 06, 2012, Update Jun. 03, 2017 | PDF
Leonard P. Stark graduating

Fig. 1: Judge Leonard P. Stark, obama-nominated last minute replacement judge in LEader v. Facebook..  Took over the case one month before trial. Leader proved that Facebook infringes Leader’s patent for social networking on all 11 of 11 claims. Despite this hard proof of Facebook’s theft, Stark protected Facebook anyway. He ignored well-settled patent law in Pfaff Electronics and Group One that require clear and convincing evidence to overturn a patent.

Facebook presented no such evidence. No expert witnesses. No engineering source code. No witnesses at all. Instead, Stark said it was “not impermissible” for him to use an 1896 criminal case that relied on innuendo as evidence. His novel opinion was a total outlier in patent law history.

Tellingly, the Federal Circuit designated this opinion “nonprecedential” so as not to upset well settled law that this opinion contradicted.

Stark had permitted a new Facebook claim just one month before trial. Facebook reversed their legal strategy 180 degrees in this new claim. Nonetheless, Stark also blocked Leader’s request for additional discovery. He simultaneously “bifurcated” the case to prevent Leader from being able to cross-examine Mark Zuckerberg. He even forbade Zuckerberg’s name from being mentioned at trial. Stark had also allowed Facebook to stonewall production of Mark Zuckerberg’s 2003-2004 computer devices for almost a year.

Then, just before trial, Facebook said that the devices were “lost.” However, 28 Zuckerberg computer devices magically surfaced in another case in 2012. Facebook’s forensic experts confirmed that Facebook’s attorney Gibson Dunn LLP had custody of these devices the entire time, and therefore Facebook lied to the Stark court about their existence.

Deposition of Michael G. McGowan, Facebook forensic expert, Jul. 19, 2012 (two months after Facebook’s public offering on May 22, 2012): “Q: When did this examination occur of these 28 devices belonging to Mr. Zuckerberg? A. In around September of 2010 .” “Q. And who paid you to do the work? A. We were paid -- we conducted this work for Gibson, Dunn on behalf of Facebook, I believe it's Facebook that's paying our bills.” See Depositions of Michael F. McGowan and Bryan J. Rose.

The 28 Zuckerberg devices were in the custody of Zuckerberg’s lawyers McManus Faulkner LLP and Gibson Dunn LLP—Facebook’s appeal attorney in Leader v. Facebook. This was fraud, perjury and obstruction of justice, not to mention breach of the Rules of Professional Conduct. This same stonewalling of evidence by Deep State lawyers has been on full display in the House Benghazi hearings as well as Judicial Watch FOIA requests.

In addition, Facebook’s attorneys, Cooley Godward LLP and Gibson Dunn LLP, had deep undisclosed, professional relationships with the Leader v. Facebook judges, and also with Barack Obama and James P. Chandler. For example, Facebook’s appeal attorney Thomas G. Hungar actually represented the Federal Circuit judges in an ethics lawsuit against them in 2010. Hungar is also a protégé of Chief Justice John Roberts who did not recuse himself after Leader submitted its petition for writ of certiorari. Justice Roberts also holds substantial holdings of Facebook financial interests. These facts only scratch the surface of this corruption.

Photo: Photobucket.

(Jun. 13, 2013)Delaware District Court Judge Leonard P. Stark's 2010 financial disclosure exhibits a similar investing pattern to four other judges. All five judges have one thing in common: the Leader v. Facebook case.[01] No other appeals judges show such lockstep investing associated with Facebook.

These judges focused their investments on T. Rowe Price and Fidelity funds. Stark invested in eight (8) different Fidelity Funds, most of which are invested in stocks related to Facebook and Friends (aka "The Facebook Cabal"). Two of the funds are Fidelity Investments Fidelity Asset Manager __% Funds that are funds which combine other Fidelity funds. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that Facebook and Friends are included in those as well.

Among those investments are Facebook, with close ties to the Kremlin (now Facebook's second largest shareholder), four Facebook's underwriters and numerous companies with heavy investments from Accel Partners, Facebook's director and second largest shareholder.

Judge Stark marches to James W. Breyer's tune

James W. Breyer, Accel Partners LLP; Facebook director; Facebook's 2nd largest shareholder; IDG-Accel Capital Partners (Beijing, China) director; National Venture Capital Association director; Fidelity partner.
James W. Breyer,
Accel Partners LLP;
Facebook director;
Facebook's 2nd largest
shareholder; IDG-Accel Capital Partners (Beijing, China) director; National Venture Capital Association director;
Fidelity partner.

Tellingly, Fidelity Ventures, the venture capital arm of Fidelity Investments, has partnered with many of Facebook principals, including James W. Breyer, Accel Partners LLP, Goldman Sachs, Digital Sky Technologies (Yuri Milner, Alisher Usmanov), Morgan Stanley Ventures and Andreessen Horowitz (Marc Andreessen).

In 2004, Breyer was elected Chairman of the National Venture Capital Association.[02] His board included Fidelity Ventures' Robert Ketterson. Ketterson is now Managing Partner at Fidelity Equity Partners and a Group Managing Director at Fidelity Ventures Telecommunications & Technology.[03] This means that Breyer's venture capital colleague and partner now establishes tech investing policy and strategy for Fidelity. Given the substantial Facebook-related holdings that are unique to Fidelity and T. Rowe Price, Breyer's assistance and influence on Fidelity's portfolio is apparent. What better way to create deniability for any target judge than place the desired stock inside an innocuous looking mutual fund? Visions of the Wizard of Oz.

The direct ties between Fidelity and Facebook and Friends tainted the Leader v. Facebook proceedings. Put another way, for a judge to hold investments in Fidelity introduces profound bias into the proceedings—since the judge benefits financially from his decisions that are favorable to Facebook. At the very least these associations required disclosure so that Leader Technologies could assess the risks of Stark's continued adjudication of the case. Instead, he was stone cold silent.

Since 2005, Accel Partners and Fidelity Ventures have co-invested in the first five rounds of Prosper, Inc., a crowd source financing website. In the subsequent two rounds, Accel continued to invest, but Fidelity did not. Source:[04].

Closely-align interests require disclosure

Fidelity Venture co-invested in Groupon with numerous Facebook principals, including James W. Breyer, Accel Partners LLP, Goldman Sachs, Digital Sky Technologies (Yuri Milner, Alisher Usmanov), Morgan Stanley Ventures and Andreessen Horowitz (Marc Andreessen).[05] That's two Facebook directors, Facebook's two largest shareholders and two Facebook underwriters. These interests are so closely aligned as to be inseparable with respect to conflicts of interest.

Judges have a robust set of ethics rules that include the Code of Conduct for United States Judges,[06] 28 U.S.C. § 455,[07] and the Ethics Reform Act of 1989,[08] not to mention Judicial Conferences[09] devoted to the topic. The governing principal is propriety, and the avoidance of the appearance of impropriety. Judges mentoring Facebook attorneys. Facebook attorneys advising The White House to protect "likes." Judges investing in Facebook and their friends. Courts timing decision to accommodate Facebook's pre-IPO media needs. Facebook attorneys representing the judges themselves. The improprieties in this matter are jaw dropping.

Judge Stark failed the "reasonable minds" test that he swore an oath to uphold

"The revised code, which takes effect July 1 [2009], defines for the first time the term 'appearance of impropriety,' which judges are commanded to avoid as much as actual impropriety. The definition: 'An appearance of impropriety occurs when reasonable minds, with knowledge of all the relevant circumstances disclosed by a reasonable inquiry, would conclude that the judge's honesty, integrity, impartiality, temperament, or fitness to serve as a judge is impaired."

Judicial Conference, Mar. 17, 2009
(Chief Justice John G. Roberts presiding)[09]

Five Leader v. Facebook Judges really "like" Fidelity and T. Rowe Price

All Fidelity Fund investments by Supreme Court justices and District Court Judge Leonard P. Stark, 2011

The pattern of investing among the five Leader v. Facebook judges (Stark, Roberts, Lourie, Moore and Wallach) plainly shows knowledge of certain events and interests that motivated them to invest in Fidelity and T. Rowe Price Funds. The commonality here is Facebook's Director and second largest investor, James W. Breyer and Accel Partners.

T. Rowe Price owns more than 5% of Facebook's stock, so any investment in a T. Rowe Price Fund is a surrogate investment in Facebook. Such holdings raise enough red flags to make them at least disclosable by a judicial employee.

These judges appear to follow their rules of ethics selectively. For example, Justice Roberts followed the rules in Microsoft v. i4i. He recused himself because many of his funds hold Microsoft stock.[10] Remarkably, he then ignored those same rules in Leader v. Facebook—even though it was notoriously known that Microsoft is one of Facebook's largest shareholders, and would benefit greatly from decisions favorable to Facebook.[11] It was also notoriously known that both Fidelity[12] and T. Rowe Price[13] made large investments in Facebook prior to the IPO. The odds that all five of these judges invested independently in these same funds that are directly linked to Facebook, a litigant before them in Leader v. Facebook, are infinitesimally small.

This judicial bias telegraphs the message to small innovators that the U.S. Supreme Court will protect the constitutional rights of large corporations, but will ignore those rights unless you can place them into plum personal investments. Wink, wink.

Judge Leonard P. Stark's financial holdings involving Facebook and Friends demanded disclosure and recusal

A - Vanguard Morgan Growth Fund
B - Wachovia Vanguard Institutional Index Fund
C- Fidelity Investments DE Portfolio 2024
D- Fidelity Investments Fidelity Cash Reserves
E- Fidelity Investments Fidelity Asset Manager 70%
F- Fidelity Investments Fidelity Asset Manager 50%

Company Relationship to Facebook A B C D D F
Facebook N/A x   x x x x 2nd largest shareholder     x x x x
Zynga director     x   x x
Groupon director, co-investors     x   x x
LinkedIn director     x   x x
Microsoft large shareholder x x x x x x
Goldman Sachs underwriter x x x   x x
Morgan Stanley underwriter x   x x x x
JP Morgan Chase underwriter x   x x x x
UBS underwriter     x   x x
T. Rowe Price large investor x x x   x x
Xerox Barack Obama's CEO Technology Council   x x   x x
VeriSign Accel Partners company   x   x x x
Boston Scientific Accel Partners companies   x x   x x
Tesla Motors $465 million Obama stimulus (Elon Musk)     x x x x

If one is in a generous mood, one might forgive Stark for a slip here, or there, in checking his funds for holdings that conflict with the litigants arguing in front of him. However, this is very evidently not a simple oversight. This is very intentional investing to enrich himself. Judge Stark’s portfolio stood to benefit handsomely from decisions favorable to Facebook. These holdings demanded disclosure. U.S. judges are supposed to lead by example, not sneak around in the ethical shadows, hoping no one will notice. No wonder these large, unscrupulous law firms exist. These judges are teamed up with them.

A Toxic Ethical Brew

Add these holdings to Stark's intentional ignoring of well-settled on-sale bar law, as well as his close relationships to Facebook's attorneys Cooley Godward LLP and Gibson Dunn LLP, and one has the recipe for a toxic brew. By sacrificing the Constitution to get his appointment, Judge Stark sold his soul, as did his brothers and sisters at the Federal Circuit and Supreme Court.

* * *


[02] NVCA. (May 13, 2004). Jim Breyer of Accel Partners Elected Chairman Of National Venture Capital Association, New Board Directors [incl. Robert Ketterson, Fidelity Ventures; Gilman Louie, In-Q-Tel (C.I.A.); Theodore "Ted" E. Schlein, Kleiner Perkins] also named during the annual meeting. NVCA [Press release]. Accessed Jun. 13, 2013. PRNewsire.; See also re-SAN-FRANCISCO-PRNewswire-May-13-2004.pdf.

[06] Code of Conduct. (Accessed Jun. 13, 2013). Code of Conduct for United States Judges & Judicial Employees. United States Courts.; See also

[07] 28 USC § 455. (Accessed Jun. 13, 2013). Disqualification of justice, judge, or magistrate judge. Cornell University Law School.; See also

[08] H.R. 3660. (Nov. 15, 1989). Ethics Reform Act of 1989, Pub.L. 101-194. 101st Congress, 1989–1990. Accessed Jun. 13, 2013.

[10] "Microsoft, i4i Argue Patent Law Before U.S. Supreme Court" by Nicholas Kolakowski, eWeek, Apr. 18, 2011. Accessed Jun. 13, 2013; See also

[11] Petition for Writ of Certiorari, Leader Technologies, Inc. v. Facebook, Inc., No. 12-617 (U.S. Supreme Court Nov. 16, 212)

[12] "Fidelity Invests $74 Million in Facebook & $82 Million in Zynga" by Gregory Gomer. BostInno, June 2, 2011 at 2:31 pm. Accessed Jun. 12, 2013; See also$74-Million-in-Facebook-$82-Million-in-Zynga-BostInno-Jun-2-2011.pdf.

[13] "T. Rowe Price Invests [$190.5 million] in Facebook" by Mary Pilon. The Wall Street Journal, Apr. 16, 2011; See also <

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  1. Comment by: BG761 (I'm back!)

    Just read the Dec. 30, 2012 update describing how the DC Bar is refusing to investigate the attorney misconduct in Leader v. Facebook.

    We are getting to the time in which the Supreme Court makes a decision. Hopefully the court looks at the true facts of this case and then decides to hear the case on its merits not on the cover-up and in action by the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals.

    On the Federal Circuit Bar Association’s website, can scroll down the page to the heading “State of Patent Litigation“, and read comments by Chief Judge Randall R. Rader.

    On September 27, 2011 Chief Judge Randall R. Rader pointed out areas deserving of attention to improve patent litigation before the Eastern District of Texas bench and bar. He points out six areas that the courts need to focus their attention on. It is very discouraging reading because he says all the right things of what should be done but as we have seen the courts practice, they are so willing to be judicial activists instead of true judges.

    Judge Rader even disregards his own statements when he allowed the Federal Circuit not to listen to the Leader v. Facebook case En Banc. (I think this was all decided by Clerk of Court Jan Horbaly. I wonder if any of the judges saw anything frankly.)

    Chief Judge Rader also points out the definition of a “patent troll” and a “grasshopper”. He states on page 17:

    “For that reason, I have always preferred an alternative definition of a “troll,” namely, any party that attempts to enforce a patent far beyond its actual value or contribution to the prior art.”

    Leader Technologies does not fit his definition of a patent troll because it was proven in court that the core software that drives Facebook is Leader's software. And we know that if Zuckerberg had produced the 28 hard drives during Leader's discovery, this question would have been definitively settled.

    However, the courts allowed Facebook to play their games and influence the courts and staff with their cozy relationships and who knows what else? He then goes on to describe the grasshopper:

    “The IP grasshopper is the entity that is quick to steal the “inventor-ant’s” work and research investment because he did no work himself and the winter of competition approaches. We can recognize the grasshopper because he refuses to pay any license fee until his legs and claws are held to the proverbial litigation fire. Once again, a grasshopper is hard to define, but I can venture a description according to the same basic notion that helped us identify the troll: A grasshopper is any entity which refuses to license even the strongest patent at even the most reasonable rates.”

    You notice he uses the word “steal” and he describes Mark Zuckerberg to a T! Remember, Judge Rader used those words for the description not me.

    Let’s hope the Supreme Court Justices can see the merits of this case and what it will do to future patents if allowed to stand as is.

    BG761 8-O


    This post originally appeared on Jun. 12, 2013. However, that post disappeared! Therefore, we used an earlier post location to repost this article. That article had over 4,500 reads before it was deleted. Evidently, others are interested to study how judges like Judge Stark are bribed and influenced too.


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